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Major General George Edward Pickett

Understanding a formed Regiment during the Civil War
The lowest formation of a Regiment was the Company.
A full company would have consisted of 100 able men.
( K company which we portray reached a maximum strength of 83 men.)
5 combined companies would form a Battalion.
2 Battalions or (10 combined companies) would form a Regiment, and if at maximum strength would be 1,000 men.
4 or 5 Regiments combined would constitute a Brigade or around 5,000 men.
3 to 5 battalions depending on the time frame of the War would constitute a Division.
3 Divisions would make up a Corps.
3 to 5 Divisions would make up an Army, in our scenario it made up the Army of Northern Virginia.

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Brigadier General Richard Brooke Garnett


The 19th Infantry Regiment, organized at Manassas Junction, Virginia, in May, 1861, contained men recruited at Charlottesville and in the counties of Albemarle, Nelson, and Amherst. It fought at First Manassas under General Cocke, then was assigned to General Pickett's, Garnett's, and Hunton's Brigade. The 19th participated in the campaigns of the Army of Northern Virginia from Williamsburg to Gettysburg except when it was with Longstreet at Suffolk. Later it served in North Carolina, returned to Virginia, and was active at Drewry's Bluff and Cold Harbor. Continuing the fight, it was engaged in the Petersburg siege north of the James River and the Appomattox Campaign. It reported 6 casualties at First Manassas and in April, 1862, totalled 650 effectives. The regiment had 138 casualties during the Seven Days' Battles and lost forty-two percent of the 150 in the Maryland Campaign and more than forty-five percent of the 328 engaged at Gettysburg. Many were captured at Sayler's Creek, and only 1 officer and 29 men surrendered. The field officers were Colonels P. St. George Cocke, Henry Gantt, Armistead T.M. Rust, and John B. Strange; Lieutenant Colonels John T. Ellis, Charles S. Peyton, and Bennett Taylor; and Majors Waller M. Boyd and William Watts.

Many members throughout the war that were captured were sent to Point Lookout, Md. and Fort Delaware,on Pea Patch Island located in the waters off of Delaware. You can view  the Fort Delaware website by clicking the following link.

Fort Delaware

Another web link to Fort Delaware

Some members of the 19th Virginia as well as other Confederate POW's who died during their captivity at the two prisons were sent over to Fort Mott in Salem County, New Jersey for final burial. Their names appear on a monument erected to their memories.
Click on the link below to visit the website for Fort Mott.

Point Look Out

Fort Mott / Finn's Point Cemetery N.J.

Memorial to the Confederate Dead buried in N.J.
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Below are two links to web pages containing the Manual of Arms for the schooling of the soldier in a properly formed Civil War company of soldiers.

School of the Soldier First Part

School of the Soldier Part Two

The Civil War Soldiers of 1863

19th Virginia Co.K